Birgunj, founded in 1897, is a sub-metropolitan municipality and the headquarters of the Parsa District in the Narayani Development Zone. It is situated in South-Central part of Nepal in the Terai plains about 89 km South of the capital Kathmandu and sharing border with the Indian city Raxaul in the State of Bihar. As an entry point to Nepal from Patna and Kolkata, Birgunj is known as the gateway to Nepal.

Birgunj, the second largest city in Nepal and the largest in the Narayani Zone, is a multilingual and multiethnic city. The 300,000 population comprises various ethnic groups, the largest being the Tharus. A large number of people are of Indian origin having migrated mostly from Bihar and Rajasthan over a period of time ranging from 50-200 years. Several languages are spoken in the town including Bhojpuri, Nepali, Maithili, Newari, Marwari and Hindi.


Birgunj has been vibrant and busy industrial and commercial city for more than 60 years owing to its strategic location on the principal transit point for trade between Nepal and India. A large number of industries have been set up on the industrial corridor between Birgunj and Pathlaiya producing a significant volume of products such as steel, textiles, cement, plastic, cigarettes, aluminium, pharmaceuticals, vegetable ghee etc. for both domestic consumption and exports. Birgunj is also a big market for import/export of different merchandise.

The town has significant economic importance for Nepal as a large proportion of Nepali trade with India and other countries in the world is done through the customs post located here. Birgunj Customs is also the largest revenue earner for the Government of Nepal. In order to handle the large volume of goods, a Dry Port has been established in Birgunj recently.

Important landmarks in Birgunj:


(i) Shankracharya Gate
(ii) Ghantaghar (Clock Tower)
(iii) Town Hall
(iv) Ghadiarba Pokhari Udyan/Surya Mandir
(v) Vishwa Buddha Vihar
(vi) Dry Port


Connectivity of Birgunj:

By Road: Birgunj is connected to Kathmandu and all other cities of Nepal by road. There are several road routes between Birgunj and Kathmandu. The route of main Tribhuwan Highway via Bharatpur is 283 km long and takes about 6-7 hours.

By Train: Indian Rail Network is available from Raxaul Station (4 km from Clock Tower)

By Air: Simra Airport situated about 20 km from Birgunj has several air flights a day to Kathmandu. The flight duration is 15 minutes.

More information:

Please visit wikipedia page by clicking here.

Birgunj Photos


Take a look of the famous Shankaracharya gate
The tall Ghantaghar (clock tower) in the middle of the busy city is a dominant landmark .
Town Hall was built in the year 1975-76. It's architecture combines the traditional Nepalese temple design with those of a modern civic utility.
Ghadiarba Pokhari Udyan, with a walkway leading to a hindu temple (Surya Mandir) in the middle.
Vishwa Buddha Vihar, located in the out-skirts of the city. Vishwa is actually shaped like a stupa and has engravings of Lord Buddha facing the cardinal directions of the universe. This place has a tranquil ambiance and it attracts those tourists who want to flee the bustling life of the city. The term vishwa is derived from the word vicchu-wa, which is translated as a resting place for vicchu(s) or Buddhist monks and means a resting place. In the ancient times, the pilgrims stopped at Birgunj in the midst of their journey between Lumbini and Bodh Gaya (India).
Landlocked Nepal’s 'only' rail-connected Inland Clearance Depot (ICD) at Sirsiya (Birgunj) became fully operational during 2005, as a result of an agreement reached with India on rail access. The rail link is a 5.4 km long spur from the border town of Raxaul.